Like humans, horses are herd animals and rely on each other for safety and survival. And, just like us, they have complex social dynamics. Every herd has a dominance hierarchy, or pecking order, and each member has a position. Most often, herds are lead by an alpha mare. She is responsible for guiding the herd to food, water, shelter and safety. There is also a stallion (or dominant male in domestic herds) that sire’s the herd’s offspring and is responsible for keeping intruders and predators away. As the herd travels, the alpha female leads the way and the stallion brings up the rear, keeping the herd moving forward and protecting them from attack.
Although the leaders are important, each member of the herd plays an integral role in the cohesion and prosperity of the herd itself. It is precisely this herd mentality, the need for cooperation, teamwork and loyalty, that horses share with humans and that tends to draw humans toward horses in search of companionship.
By clearly and consistently enforcing and reinforcing the social rules, the dominant mare and stallion secure their position and maintain comfort and peace within the herd. Dominance in this sense is not related to the physical stature or aggressiveness of a horse; the alpha female it is not the “biggest and the baddest” horse in the herd. Rather, she demonstrates her worthiness to lead the herd through wisdom, clear communication, and coherent energy. These are the same qualities that are necessary for effective influence and leadership in human “herds.”
Because the means of achieving strong, healthy relationships are similar among humans and horses, interaction with horses can help us develop strong, effective relationship skills. For instance, trust and respect are vital elements of the human-horse bond. Interacting with horses for growth and learning allows participants to test out how they are experienced and learn clear and effective ways of building trust and gaining respect.
Horses are also masters at teaching leadership. They must know that you are worthy of the responsibility of leadership and that you will guide them in the right direction, avoiding danger or harm, while simultaneously providing comfort and tranquility; you must have the wisdom of a true leader. Even if you aren’t a typical leader, the skills gained by working with horses help participants build confidence, mindfulness, and emotional intelligence.
As the only prey animals that have a true partnership with humans, horses occupy an unparalleled position in our lives and provide us with unique opportunities to develop and refine the skills we need to be successful and happy in life.
Whether engaged in individual or group activities, participants in our equine interactive programs work on things such as self-awareness, clear communication, relationship dynamics, teamwork, assertiveness, trust, frustration tolerance, boundaries, and confidence.